Gold, conflict and criminality in West Africa

A talk by Marcena Hunter, Mouhamadou Kane, Désiré NIKIEMA, Kady Seguin and Dr Michel Yoboue
GI-TOC, Alliance pour une Mine Responsable (ARM), Impact and Kimberley Process Civil Society Coalition

Register to watch this content

By submitting you agree to the Terms & Privacy Policy
Watch this content now

About this talk

While gold is often referred to as a blood mineral due to its role in conflict financing, the relationship between the gold sector, instability and violence is far more nuanced, with complex regional dynamics. In the gold production hub of West Africa, where artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is pervasive, an increasing tide of insecurity and violence in recent years adds to the complexity within the sector. Woven into the region’s convoluted web of actors, activity and supply chains are criminal networks which link local mines to international trade hubs, exploiting the gold sector for financial gain and power. Consequently, in West Africa, gold is closely intertwined with survival, money, power and criminality. The report demonstrates that the reality of the relationships between gold, conflict and criminality challenges the simplistic narrative of ‘blood minerals’ used to finance conflict, offering a far more nuanced understanding of the significance of the gold sector in West Africa.

Marcena Hunter

Thematic Lead on Extractives and Illicit Flows, Gl-TOC


National Coordinator of the Alliance for Responsible Mining in Burkina Faso, and the General Manager of Cabinet Limit Consulting

Loading content...

Loading content...